Sports Medicine

Sports Medicine

What is Sports Medicine?

Sports Medicine is the branch of medicine that focuses on the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of injuries of the musculoskeletal system and related to sports and exercise.

  • Also known as sports and exercise medicine or non-operative orthopedics.
  • Focuses on helping people improve their athletic performance, recover from injury and prevent future injuries
  • Sports medicine providers help all kinds of people, not just athletes

Sports medicine physicians

  • have specialized training in both the treatment and prevention of illness and injury related to sports and the musculoskeletal system

They are ideally suited to provide medical care for:


  • Athletes
  • Sports teams
  • Active individuals who are simply looking to maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Individuals who would like to become active
  • People who have injuries of their bones, joints, or muscles


  • My personal philosophy about most chronic musculoskeletal injuries is that they are due to some kind of biomechanical fault
  • In other words, something you are doing on a daily basis is causing an imbalance that leads to pain and dysfunction
  • An example is chronic low back pain; weak and unconditioned core muscles leads to constant overuse of back muscles which causes them to be more susceptible to injury, strain, or spasm
  • Pain can be treated temporarily with the injections and medications I provide and I believe that the long term treatment and cure is treating the underlying cause; usually through strengthening, stretching, and correcting any imbalances that exist
  • I recommend physical therapy as the mainstay of treatment for most chronic musckuloskeletal issues, even those going to surgery, as rehabilitation before and after surgery has been shown to improve outcomes significantly.
  • PT’s who do one on one physical therapy with the same physical therapist, no aides, that is more active in nature with strengthening and stabilization focused on biomechanical faults is recommended and more effective
  • I am of course biased, as I am married to the best physical therapist in the world, who provides the necessary one on one physical therapy with a dedicated and consistent physical therapist, and he performs an individualized assessment to produce a unique rehabilitation program with follow-up, feedback, and adjustment as necessary.  His excellent PT company is: Central Oahu Physical Therapy Specialists.

Procedures I Perform:

  • Prolotherapy
  • Autologous blood Injections
  • Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections
  • Dry Needling
  • Exercise Stress Test
  • Intracompartmental Pressure Monitoring for Exertional Compartment Syndrome
  • Corticosteroid (Steroid) Injections
  • Musculoskeletal Ultrasound
  • Trigger Point Injections
  • Viscosupplementation Injections
  • Ganglion cyst aspirations

Commonly Treated Diagnoses:Medication and Needles

  • Tendonitis/Tendinopathy – rotator cuff, patellar tendon, achilles tendon, biceps, tennis/golfer’s elbow, trigger finger
  • Stress fractures
  • Osteoarthritis – knee, hip, shoulder, ankle, fingers/hand, ankle
  • Ligament sprains
  • Muscle strains
  • Fractures
  • Concussion (mild traumatic brain injury)
  • Athletes with chronic or acute illness (such as infectious mononucleosis, asthma or diabetes)
  • Education about nutrition, supplements, ergogenic aids, and performance issues
  • Exercise prescriptions for different fitness goals
  • Injury prevention
  • “Return to play” decisions in the sick or injured athlete
  • Safe strength training and conditioning recommendations
  • Healthy lifestyle promotion
  • Ganglion cysts
  • Heat illness
  • Rhabdomyolysis

What is the difference between a Sports Medicine Physician and an Orthopedic Surgeon?

  • Both are well trained in musculoskeletal medicine
  • Sports Medicine Physicians specialize in the non-operative treatment of musculoskeletal conditions whereas Orthopedic surgeons primarily focus on operative management
  • 90% of all sports injuries are non-surgical, and thus would benefit from having sports medicine expertise
  • Sports Medicine Physicians can maximize non-operative treatment, guide appropriate referrals to physical and occupational therapies, and if necessary, expedite referral to an orthopedic/sports surgeon


See Related Sports Medicine Posts and Pages:

Back Pain

Sports Medicine Physical Examination

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